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Ethiopian Standards

How Ethiopian standards are developed?

The basic guiding principles in Ethiopian Standards development, involvement of stakeholders and procedures briefly explained herein.


  • Standardization is an act of simplification and aims at the prevention of unnecessary complexity (variety rationalization).
  • Establishment of Ethiopian Standards should be based on general consensus and promoted by mutual cooperation of all concerned.
  • Ethiopian Standards must be implementable and be implemented (promotional efforts, publicity campaigns and public relation activities are necessary).
  • The action of establishing Ethiopian Standards calls for rationalization, selecting and fixing (selection of subjects, aspects, sizes, methods, etc).
  • Ethiopian Standards should be reviewed at regular intervals and revised as necessary.
  • Ethiopian Standards must establish means for clear and non-ambiguous evaluation of the fixed/specifies requirements.
  • The means of implementing Ethiopian Standards should be deliberately considered (legal enforcement or voluntary application may be considered depending on the nature of the standard, and the laws and conditions prevailing in Ethiopia).

Involvement of stakeholders

The active voluntary participation of all stakeholders in the Ethiopian Standards development process is crucial to ensure the effective implementation of the standards thus published. In most cases, the involvement in standards preparation is in two spheres/layers, namely: by participating/attending meetings of technical committees, and by commenting on draft standards that are made publicly available.

Standard Development Procedures

Ethiopian Standard Technical committees are made up of experts from different Industry, government institution, Professional Assosiation, Acadamia, Public Sector, Regulatory Bodies, Standard Users and other relevant sectors prepare Ethiopian Standards jointly.

The requirements or recommendations contained in Ethiopian Standards are a consensus of the views of representative interests and also take account of comments received from other sources. Ethiopian Standards are kept under continuous review after publication and are updated regularly to take account of latest scientific and technological changes. In short, standards are prepared by you the users of such documents.

Ethiopian Standard(ES) development stages and deliverables

Ethiopian Standards are prepared on a project approach consisting of eight stages  as described below.

  • Stages 00 & 10 - Preliminary & Proposal Stages:

Request on a new standards project may be received from any source such as a government body, public or private industrial firm, professional association or even from an individual. The proposal is accepted only after a thorough evaluation by ESA in collaboration with TC members regarding its specific aims and reasons, feasibility of the activity, timeliness and main interests that benefit from or be affected by the activity.
ESA conducts periodic surveys as a proactive means of assessing the need for Ethiopian Standards in addition to receiving ES development requests on a continuous basis.

Stages 20 - Preparatory Stages:

A Working Draft (WD) is prepared by the staff of ESA or competent professionals from TCs/other organizations with which ESA has established agreements on drafting of WDs.

  • Stages 30 & 40 - Committee & Enquiry Stages:

Acceptance of the prepared draft as Final Draft Ethiopian Standard (FDES) is obtained through reviews at the technical committee/subcommittee level, which also includes comments received from potential users/public during the enquiry stage.

  • Stages 50 & 60 - Approval & Publication Stages:

    The FDES is finally submitted to the Quality council for approval and publication as an Ethiopian Standard.
  • Stage 90 - Review Stage:

An Ethiopian Standard after its publication must undergo a mandatory periodical review at least every 5 years to keep it up-to-date with current technological and other developments.

Last Modified: 05/08/2012